While it’s understandable unsettling to see cat urine around the house, cats who “go” outside the litter box are not being malicious. They are simply acting in a manner that meets their immediate requirements.
There are a number of reasons why a cat may urinate outside the litter box, including health problems, anxiety, and bullying from other household pets. With some research (and probably a trip to the veterinarian), you should be able to identify what has to be done to stop your cat from urinating inappropriately.
Here are the top methods for preventing your cat from defecating outside the litter box.
Refer to Your Veterinarian
The most crucial thing you can do if your cat has begun urinating outside the litter box is to schedule an appointment with your veterinarian.
Urinary tract infection, hyperthyroidism, feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC), bladder crystals or stones, arthritis, diabetes, and kidney illness are all prevalent health conditions that might cause cats to urinate beyond the litter box.
Your veterinarian will interview you about the problem and when it began, then do a physical exam, urine, and possibly other diagnostic tests to determine whether the issue is medical or behavioral.
If your cat receives a clean bill of health, your veterinarian can assist you in addressing any environmental or behavioral factors.
Clear out the Clutter Thoroughly
Regardless of whether your veterinarian believes that the problem is medical or behavioral, you must carefully clean all locations where your cat has urinated outside of the litter box. You must ensure that the stink has been eradicated, not only for your own sake but also to prevent your cat from returning to the area.
Using a black light and your sense of smell, you can locate any problem locations.
If dealing with fresh pee, absorb as much of it as possible with paper or fabric towels. Next (and for older stains), select the most effective cleaning procedure based on the type of soiling:
Bedding, clothing, towels, etc.: These can be washed on a cold cycle in the washing machine and then hung outside to dry.
For floors and other hard surfaces, use a basic household cleaning solution or a pet stain and odor remover to clean thoroughly.
The most efficient way to clean rugs, carpets, beds, and upholstery is using an enzymatic or bacterial cleanser, such as Nature’s Miracle Just For Cats Oxy Cat Stain and Odor Remover, but be sure to follow the manufacturer’s directions.
Address Territorial Problems
Sometimes, cats mark their territory with spray. When cats spray, they typically position themselves in front of a vertical surface and squirt a small amount of urine on it. Therefore, if you discover a splatter of urine on the wall, your cat is likely spraying rather than urinating.
Male cats in their entirety are the most notorious sprayers. Cats should preferably be neutered before puberty, which occurs between 5 and 6 months of age. Your veterinarian can help you choose when you should spay or neuter your kitten.
Try making your neutered cat feel more secure in his territory if he sprays. In a household with multiple cats, it may be beneficial to provide different living spaces for each cat.
If this is not possible, consider acquiring tall cat trees or perches and establishing hiding spots and covered escape routes so that cats can avoid one other.
Occasionally, the territorial problem is caused by feral or neighborhood cats outside your home. If your cat is an indoor-only feline, simply observing it via the windows could be problematic.
Anxiety-relieving medications available over-the-counter, such as the Vetoquinol Zylkene calming supplement or Feliway Classic, may also aid spraying cats.
Your veterinarian can prescribe an anti-anxiety medicine, such as fluoxetine, if everything else fails.
Reduce conflict among your felines
Multiple cat conflicts or the introduction of a new cat may result in improper urination.
If your cats have been into a fight in or near the litter box, they may avoid using it rather than risk getting into another fight if they use it. Separate your cats for a time to allow tensions to subside, and then try reintroducing them gently.
Additionally, one cat may be defending the litter box. Ensure that multiple litter boxes are dispersed throughout your home so that one cat cannot block access to all of them at once. Consider an open litter box so your cat is always aware of its surroundings. This will help them feel more secure and relaxed.
Provide More Litter Boxes
If you’ve concluded that your cat is urinating inappropriately as opposed to spraying, you should examine your litter box closely.
Initially, how many do you possess? One litter box is frequently insufficient. The normal rule is one box per cat plus one additional box.
Cats can be very finicky about using a litter box that already contains pee or excrement, especially if it is not their own. The more litter boxes you provide, the more probable it is that your cat will find one that meets its requirements.
Evaluate the Location of the Trash Can
Where are the cat litter boxes? If your home has numerous levels, you will need at least one on each story.
Consider: if you were on the second floor of your home, would you run all the way down to the bathroom? Nor does your cat, as well.
And when litter boxes are overly concealed, such as in cupboards or the corner of a basement laundry room, cats may not bother to seek them out. Providing a litter box that is convenient for your cat to use will often resolve issues.
Keep litter boxes away from unpredictable spots, such as near washing machines/dryers, loud pipes, and other places that may frighten your cat.